Opiates are among the world’s oldest known drugs and are used to treat acute pain, trauma pain, post-operative pain, and chronic pain. Opiates help to relieve pain by acting both in the brain and the spinal cord, but there is strong risk for developing an opiate addiction. Some examples of opiates include heroin, codeine, fentanyl, oxycontin, methadone, morphine, darvocet, norco, lortab, and dilaudid.
Side effects can vary from mild to severe, and have the potential of causing physical and psychological dependency and addiction. Constipation is the most common side effect. Others include behavior or mood changes, nausea, dry mouth, sweating, weakness, confusion, drowsiness, dizziness, unsteadiness, slow heart rate, low blood pressure, difficulty breathing, coma, circulatory collapse, cardiac arrest, seizures, or hives. The more serious side effects are usually caused by misuse of opiates or overdosing. If you find yourself addicted to opiates, professional inpatient treatment is necessary.
The detox process for opiates will start with a complete and thorough evaluation and assessment. Appropriate opiates detox is the process of making each client as comfortable as possible while monitoring their withdrawal symptoms and providing support by a qualified medical staff.
Opiates detox can take seven to 14 days, depending on each client’s individual factors. Withdrawal symptoms occur when opiates are suddenly stopped. Therefore, individuals should be medically supervised when stopping the use of opiates to reduce or avoid withdrawal symptoms. Symptoms of withdrawal can include agitation, anxiety, insomnia, sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, dilated pupils, muscle aches, abdominal cramping, and restlessness.
Quitting opiates can be dangerous in some cases, and withdrawal should not be attempted without professional help.